Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Imagining Migration: Iliana Emilia García's Unknown Distances/Undiscovered Islands

How could you relate the following photographs to the texts/films studied in class? How do they summarize what we have seen in Caribbean literature and film throughout the semester?

liana emilia garcía's Unknown Distances, from the series Unknown Distances/Undiscovered Islands
iliana emilia garcía's Unknown Distances, from the series Unknown Distances/Undiscovered Islands

Depicting Exile: Rafael Soriano's paintings

Which books/films from our class do you see in these paintings at the Smithsonian Museum?

Monday, December 9, 2013

Smithsonian American Art Museum is Hosting an Exhibition on Latino Art


Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art

3rd floor North, American Art Museum (8th and F Streets, N.W.)
October 25, 2013 – March 2, 2014

Carlos Almaraz,  Night Magic (Blue Jester), 1988, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Gloria Werner © 1988, Carlos Almaraz Estate
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art presents the rich and varied contributions of Latino artists in the United States since the mid-twentieth century, when the concept of a collective Latino identity began to emerge. The exhibition is drawn entirely from the Smithsonian American Art Museum’s pioneering collection of Latino art. It explores how Latino artists shaped the artistic movements of their day and recalibrated key themes in American art and culture.
The exhibition presents works in all media by 72 leading modern and contemporary artists. Of the 92 artworks featured in the exhibition, 63 have been acquired by the museum since 2011, representing its deep and continuing commitment to collecting Latino art. Our America includes works by artists who participated in all the various artistic styles and movements, including abstract expressionism; activist, conceptual, and performance art; and classic American genres such as landscape, portraiture, and scenes of everyday life.. Latino artists across the United States were galvanized by the civil rights movement of the 1960s and 1970s. They created new images of their communities and examined bicultural experiences. Many critically probed American history and popular culture, revealing the possibilities and tensions of expansionism, migration, and settlement. Other Latino artists in the exhibition devoted themselves to experimentation, pushing the limits of their chosen medium. “Our America” presents a picture of an evolving national culture that challenges expectations of what is meant by “American” and “Latino.”
Artists featured in the exhibition reflect the rich diversity of Latino communities in the United States. Our America showcases artists of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Dominican descent, as well as other Latin American groups with deep roots in the United States. By presenting works by artists of different generations and regions, the exhibition reveals recurring themes among artists working across the country.
The 72 artists featured in the exhibition are ADÁL, Manuel Acevedo, Elia Alba, Olga Albizu, Carlos Almaraz, Jesse Amado, Asco (Harry Gamboa Jr., Gronk, Willie Herrón and Patssi Valdez), Luis Cruz Azaceta, Myrna Báez, Guillermo Bejarano, Charles “Chaz” Bojórquez, María Brito, Margarita Cabrera, María Magdalena Campos-Pons, Melesio “Mel” Casas, Leonard Castellanos, Oscar R. Castillo, José Cervantes, Enrique Chagoya, Roberto Chavez, Carlos A. Cortéz, Marcos Dimas, Ricardo Favela, Christina Fernandez, Teresita Fernández, iliana emilia garcía, Rupert García, Scherezade García, Carmen Lomas Garza, Ignacio Gomez, Ken Gonzales-Day, Hector González, Luis C. “Louie the Foot” González, Muriel Hasbun, Ester Hernandez, Judithe Hernández, Carmen Herrera, Carlos Irizarry, Luis Jiménez, Miguel Luciano, Emanuel Martinez, María Martínez-Cañas, Antonio Martorell, Ana Mendieta, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Franco Mondini-Ruiz, Delilah Montoya, Malaquias Montoya, Abelardo Morell, Jesús Moroles, Raphael Montañez Ortiz, Pepón Osorio, Amado M. Peña Jr., Chuck Ramirez, Paul Henry Ramirez, Sophie Rivera, Arturo Rodríguez, Freddy Rodríguez, Joseph Rodríguez, Frank Romero, Emilio Sánchez, Juan Sánchez, Jorge Soto Sánchez, Rafael Soriano, Ruben Trejo, Jesse Treviño, John M. Valadez, Alberto Valdés, and Xavier Viramontes.
The exhibition is organized by E. Carmen Ramos, curator of Latino art at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Go behind-the-scenes with the museum's blog, Eye Level
The museum’s blog Eye Level features an occasional series highlighting artworks and new acquisitions that will be displayed in the exhibition.
Preparing for Our America: Imagining Migration, iliana emilia garcía's Chairs, August 15, 2013
Preparing for Our America: From Cuba with Love: The Influence of Cuban Posters on Latino Art, July 10, 2013
Preparing for Our America: Portraying Community in a Contested Field, December 13, 2012
Preparing for Our America: John Valadez’s Great American Streets, October 11, 2012
Preparing for Our America: Depicting Exile, September 6, 2012
Preparing for Our America: Raphael Montañez-Ortiz Deconstructs the Western, August 14, 2012
Preparing for Our America: Music and Abstraction, Works by Freddy Rodríguez, July 3, 2012
Free Public Programs
A series of free, public programs will be presented at the museum in conjunction with the exhibition. Several programs will be webcast; a schedule is available online.
Family Day—Sunday, September 15, 2013, 3–6 p.m. Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month with an exploration and demonstration of salsa music and dance
Artist Talk—Wednesday, September 18, 2013, 7 p.m. Bamboo Cinema, Blind Landscape, and Stacked Waters by Teresita Fernández. Part of the Clarice Smith Distinguished Lectures in American Artseries. Free tickets are required.
Screening—Wednesday, September 25, 2013, 6:30 p.m., “Peril and Promise” (1980–today) from the PBS documentary Latino Americans, followed by a panel discussion and book signing
Curator Talk—Friday, October 25, 2013, 6 p.m., What Is Latino About American Art? by E. Carmen Ramos
Family Day—Saturday, November 2, 2013, 3–11:30 a.m. - 3 p.m. Celebrate Día de los Muertos with crafts and educational activities for the whole family at "Day of the Dead" Family Day
Film Screening—Wednesday, November 6, 2013, 6:30 p.m., Buena Vista Social Club
Artist Panel—Thursday, November 7, 2013, 6 p.m., Defining and Defying Latino Art: A Conversation with Five Artists; this discussion is presented as part of the conference Latino Art Now! Nuestra América: Expanding Perspectives in American Art. Free tickets are required.
Film Screening—Tuesday, November 12, 2013, 6:30 p.m.,  Born in East L.A.
Latino Art Now! Conference
The Smithsonian is hosting the conference Latino Art Now! November 7–9, 2013, in Washington, D.C. The conference is a biennial forum for artists, historians, scholars, and educators. Registration is required. Information is available online through the Smithsonian Latino Center.
National Tour
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art is available for tour after closing at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. If you are interested in hosting the exhibition at your museum, please visit our traveling exhibitions page for contact information.
Confirmed venues include:
The Patricia and Phillip Frost Art Museum at Florida International University in Miami, Florida (March 28, 2014–June 22, 2014) 
Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento, California (September 21, 2014–January 11, 2015)
Utah Museum of Fine Arts in Salt Lake City, Utah (February 6, 2015–May 17, 2015)
Arkansas Art Center in Little Rock, Arkansas (October 16, 2015–January 17, 2016)
Delaware Museum of Art in Wilmington, Delaware (March 5, 2016–May 29, 2016)
The exhibition catalogue includes essays by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, independent scholar; and E. Carmen Ramos, curator of Latino art at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. The book is forthcoming in 2014.
Altria Logo
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art is organized by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Generous support for the exhibition has been provided by Altria Group, Aida M. Alvarez, Judah Best, The James F. Dicke Family Endowment, Sheila Duignan and Mike Wilkins, Tania and Tom Evans, Friends of the National Museum of the American Latino, The Michael A. and the Honorable Marilyn Logsdon Mennello Endowment, Henry R. Muñoz III, and Zions Bank. Additional significant support was provided by The Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center. Support for Treasures to Go, the Museum’s traveling exhibition program, comes from The C.F. Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia.

Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Computer game Gesta Final featuring Fidel Castro hits hard in Cuba

Even though most of the current active industries are basing their activity into producing Christmas items and gifts, it looks that Havana teenagers are already into a video game launched right from their home country.

Gesta Final is the name of the game which managed to create a very modern and technological approach on the history learning process, by allowing players to follow rebel activities of personalities like Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.

Jorge Luis Rosell, the game developer, states that through gaming experience, fun can be used to help teenagers learn about history in a more relaxed and efficient way.

Translated as “Final Feat”, this video game places players in the world of 1959, right into the Guerrilla War where Fidel Castro along with his forces managed to turn down the military dictator Fulgeneio Batista.

Gesta Final really takes on the activity of Guerrilla warfare and enables gamers to do rebel activities like throwing Molotov cocktails onto houses and setting them on fire, or shooting rival troops commanded by the military government. They have to deal with swamps, forests and long mountain trails that really help on making an idea of what Guerrilla warfare really meant for Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.

As the news website euronews mentioned: “It is a revolutionary game in the real sense of the word.”

Youth Computing Club, an organization leaded by the state took the game since its very apparition on the market, but none of the representatives thought about it as being such a great hit for local teenagers.


Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Characters - In the Time of the Butterflies

The Mirabel Sisters
Patria Mercedes – Eldest
Dedé – Second oldest
Minerva – Third oldest
Maria-Teresa – Youngest

Dona Mercedes,  Mother
Don Enrique Mirabel, Father

Pedrito Gonzalez– Patria’s Husband
Nelson & Norris – Patria & Pedrito’s Children in order of oldest to youngest
Sinitta– Friend of Minerva
Sor Milagros– Religious official in charge of the school, Nun
Sor Asuncion – Nun at school with Milagros
Jaimito – Friend of the sisters
Léo – Friend of the sisters
Horacio – Meeting organizer that Sinitta goes to
Carmen - Enrique's mistress
Margarita = Carmen's daughter
Manuel de Moya = secretary of state
tio Chiche = Trujillo's  old friend, and part of the Mirabal family
Manolo - Minerva's husband
Fela - 

WP: "Cuba’s hint it may reverse home-cinema ban seen as unusual, sign of entrepreneurs’ influence"

By Associated Press, Published: November 12

HAVANA — Something unusual appears to be happening in Havana.

The Communist government may be backing off an unpopular economic crackdown barely a week after it was announced — a feat of political dexterity that islanders say they are not used to seeing from a leadership in power since the 1950s.

The brouhaha centers on a ban announced Nov. 2 on the dozens of private home cinemas and video game salons that have mushroomed in recent months, becoming a popular diversion for entertainment-starved residents.

The government denounced the cinemas as spreading uncultured drivel to the young, and ordered them closed for stretching the boundaries on the kinds of private businesses allowed under reforms instituted by President Raul Castro.

Then came the backlash, with entrepreneurs bemoaning thousands of dollars in lost investment and moviegoers saying they were exasperated by heavy-handedness toward a harmless diversion. The official reaction was swift, and unprecedented.

An article in the Communist Party newspaper Granma on Monday acknowledged there was wide disapproval of the ban, and hinted it was being rethought.

Analysts said the reversal could signal a greater willingness by the government to heed the desires of private entrepreneurs and their customers, as well as their growing influence in a country where the government still controls as much as about 80 percent of the economy.

“It’s extraordinary because the government made a very clear decision, and now it seems it’s being walked back,” said Philip Peters, a longtime Cuba analyst and president of the Cuba Research Center. “That’s not something that happens every day.”

The article in Granma said the paper had gathered more than 150 opinions on the ban and surveyed the backlash on social media. It acknowledged there was wide disapproval and said some considered it to be “a step back” for President Raul Castro’s program of limited economic liberalization.

Islanders interviewed by The Associated Press have repeatedly defended the salons as healthy entertainment options for teenagers. It’s commonly held that they should be reopened, regulated and taxed just like the thousands of other private businesses launched since Castro’s reforms began in earnest in 2010.

In Cuba, decision-making tends to happen from the top down, even if authorities stress that popular input is sought again and again in public gatherings. Official opinion polls are essentially nonexistent here, and it was surprising that authorities would take the temperature of the masses in such a public way.

“I think they realized how much people were bothered,” said Rolando Orejuela, a 52-year-old government worker who previously enjoyed treating his grandson to 3-D movies. “It’s good that they study and reconsider such a radical decision.”

Others cautioned not to read too much into the about-face. The same Granma article also offered a full-throated defense of another recently announced ban, this one on the reselling of imported hardware and clothes. Many Cubans depend on the small clothing boutiques to keep fashionable, and lamented their demise.

But Peters said the article is still a reflection of the increasingly powerful role of the 436,000 private-sector workers operating today, about triple the number that existed before the reforms.

“It could mean that this is a constituency that the government wants to take into account,” Peters said. “Raul Castro’s government does not view these entrepreneurs as a necessary evil ... They’re viewed as necessary to the economy.”

In recent years Cuba has rolled back other unpopular rules that once barred most islanders from having cellphones or staying in tourist hotels. Both decisions were made under Raul Castro after he took over from ailing elder brother Fidel in 2006, and after years of complaints.

Today there are 1.8 million mobile phones for a population of around 11 million. And it’s common to see Cubans lazing at plush beach resorts like Varadero, at least for the small percentage with the financial means to afford it.

“It’s not just about doing the reforms, but walking hand-in-hand with the political rhythm of society,” Arturo Lopez-Levy, a Cuban economist at the University of Denver, said of the government’s apparent change of heart on home cinemas.

“It gives a bit of a measure of how the Communist Party is changing its prior arrogance, where (authorities) dictate what’s best and there’s no other choice but to accept it.”

Associated Press writer Andrea Rodriguez contributed to this report.


Pictures of Jake's senior recital

Habitat For Humanity Winter Break Trip!!

Here's everything you'll need to know before coming to sign ups.

$210 for every trip. This includes all transportation, housing, and food for the entire week. The one exception is that you will be responsible for paying for food on travel days. Checks can be made out to Ithaca College. 

Beaufort, SC, Lexington, KY, and Tucker, GA

January 11-18th
(Some trips will be leaving Saturday, and others will be leaving Sunday. If your trip is leaving Saturday, you'll need to be in Ithaca on Friday the 10th)

What to bring with you on sign up day: 
- A check or cash for $210 (checks preferably). If you will not have the cash tomorrow, please email us and let us know.
- Know your email address and phone number :)
- There will be forms that you will be emailed, so for that you will need insurance information and an emergency contact, but you do not need to bring that with you.

Picking a trip:

It is going to be first come, first serve in terms of what trip you will be able to pick. Each trip has 14 spots, so there's a good chance you'll get your trip. But know that if the trip fills up before you get there, you have to pick another trip. 

Please don't hesitate to email us at if you have any questions at all about these break trips or anything else!

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Jake's Recital


Virtual tour of the Main Square in Dajabón

Dajabón «Main Square Cathedral»

Popular Song "Compadre Pedro Juan"

Dominican National Anthem


Song "¡Qué viva el jefe!"glorifying dictator Trujillo and comments by supporters:

NBC: "Dominican Republic to end citizenship for Haitian-descended residents"

by Ezequiel Abiu Lopez and Danica Coto, Associated Press
9:06 am on 09/28/2013

SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic — Experts warned Friday that a Dominican court decision to strip citizenship from children of Haitian migrants could cause a human rights crisis, potentially leaving tens of thousands of people stateless, facing mass deportation and discrimination.

Officials promised to create a path to Dominican citizenship, but gave no details about how it would work or who would be covered.

The ruling by the Constitutional Court is final and gives the electoral commission one year to produce a list of people to be excluded from citizenship.

The decision applies to those born after 1929 – a category that overwhelmingly includes descendants of Haitians brought in to work on farms. It appears to affect even their grandchildren, said Wade McMullen, a New York-based attorney at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights.

A U.N.-backed study released this year estimated that there are nearly 210,000 Dominican-born people of Haitian descent and roughly another 34,000 born to parents of another nationality.

Many of those “are now effectively stateless,” McMullen said. “We really don’t know what’s going to happen to those people … Based on what the Dominican government is saying, these people are not Dominican citizens and will have to leave and effectively go to Haiti, where they are also not citizens. It creates an extremely complicated situation.”

The majority of them don’t have Haitian citizenship, have little or no ties to Haiti and likely don’t speak Creole, he said. Getting Haitian citizenship can be complicated too because it is difficult to comply with requirements to prove descent from a Haitian national.

Roberto Rosario, president of the electoral commission, insisted that the government is not denying anyone the right to a nationality, saying people would be able “to legalize themselves through the national legalization plan.”

However, that plan has not yet been created, despite a 2004 immigration law that called for it, and it was not clear who would be covered.

Once the plan is created and the electoral commission turns in its list, it will take no more than two years for legalization, said Immigration Director Jose Ricardo Taveras, member of a nationalist party that has long complained about the “Haitianization” of the Dominican Republic.

“Far from remaining in limbo like some critics are arguing, (they) will for the first time benefit from a defined status and identity without having to violate the law,” he said.

Meanwhile, the military announced that it had deported 47,700 Haitians caught entering the country in the past year, more than double the nearly 21,000 deported in the previous year.

Roxanna Altholz, associate director of the International Human Rights Clinic at the University of California Berkeley School of Law, said she was concerned about how the Dominican Republic has very deep roots of violent racism against Dominican-Haitians and Haitians.

“Are they going to do summary expulsions? Is the Dominican Republic going to conduct raids? I don’t know how they’re going to implement this decision,” she said.

The Dominican government is currently analyzing the birth certificates of more than 16,000 people, while electoral authorities have refused to issue identity documents to 40,000 people of Haitian descent.

“To all of a sudden be told no, you’re not Dominican, it’s very frustrating,” said Elmo Bida Joseph, a 21-year-old student who said he was denied his ID and a copy of his birth certificate because he was born to Haitian migrants.

“All my dreams have been broken,” said Bida, a baseball player who needed those documents to enroll in a baseball academy.

Now he worries he’ll be deported.

“I feel that’s around the corner. That in any moment I’ll be detained and they’ll send me to Haiti,” he said.

Spanish-speaking Dominicans and Creole-speaking Haitians share the Caribbean island of Hispaniola and have a long history of conflict and tense relations.

Haitian-American author Edwidge Danticat said it was “appalling” that the Dominican court has “chosen to commemorate the upcoming 76th anniversary of the October 1937 massacre of thousands of Haitians in the Dominican Republic by stripping Dominican-born men, women, and children of Haitian descent of their citizenship, rendering them not only stateless but unable to attend school or make a living while becoming even more vulnerable to all kinds of hostilities including, increasingly, physical violence.”

The office of Haitian Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe declined to comment about the ruling. The Dominican government estimates that some 500,000 people born in Haiti live in the Dominican Republic.

Until 2010, the Dominican Republic automatically bestowed citizenship to anyone born on its soil. But that year, the government approved a new constitution stating that citizenship will be granted only to those born on its soil to at least one parent of Dominican blood or whose foreign parents are legal residents.

“The impact could be truly catastrophic,” said Jorge Duany, an anthropology professor at Florida International University who has studied the migration of Dominicans in the Caribbean. “They are stigmatizing an entire Haitian population.”

Danica Coto reported from San Juan, Puerto Rico. AP writer Trenton Daniel in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, contributed to this report.

Monday, November 4, 2013

The Citadel

General Trujillo - Images

General Trujillo

Urayoán Noel

Noel's poem "Death and Taxes"

Noel's poem "What It's All About" 

Cuba bans private cinemas and the sale of imported goods

Movies shown in Havana will return to two dimensions per government order. Businesses offering imported goods also have their days numbered. This Saturday the Council of Ministers announced an immediate ban on "cinematographic projections including 3D theaters and computer games," offered by independent businesses. These projections are said to ratify "the illegality of minority businesses that sell imported goods and resell those acquired through the state's commercial apparatus." The authorities deny that these measures represent a step back in economic modernization and argue that, on the contrary, these laws are "necessary corrections" to protect independent workers.

Films in 3D were first shown in small private theaters in the capital. Many of them doubled as coffee shops. Prices ranged from one to four pesos convertibles, (Cuba's second official currency that is used to convert foreign money for use on the island where it is equivalent to the US dollar.) The entrance ticket buys the spectator a drink or a bag of popcorn.

The Cuban Communist Party youth newspaper, Juventud Rebelde, published a story on October 26 that denounced the proliferation of venues that operate without license and give priority to American films. "More and more Cubans are discreetly - and some not so discreetly - setting up new and small theaters to show these kinds of films without first getting a proper license," the article said. "Our journalists have confirmed that many of these venues are actually in homes, garages, or renovated terraces offering air conditioning, HD screens and projectors, and chairs, sofas or old fashioned stalls depending on the space, budget and initiative of the owner," the paper said.

The next day, Cuban Vice Minister of Culture Fernando Rojas said the principles of cultural politics that came out of the Cuban Revolution ruled over both state institutions and independent ventures. Consequently, he continued, the government would start regulating these venues.

On November 2 the state's main newspaper, Granma, published an announcement signed by the Council of Ministers. It read, "cinematographic projections, including 3D venues and group computer games, were never sanctioned." They should cease immediately, the note warned.

The government also set a date for the elimination of private businesses that have been offering imported goods. Since a considerable number a workers have asked for some time to sell off and liquidate their stocks, the Council of Ministers "has approved their doing so until December 31st of this year."

Independent businesses was first legalized in October 2010. Since then Raúl Castro's government determines which commercial activities may be undertaken and their corresponding tax responsibilities. According to official records the number of registered independent workers rose from 157.000 to 442.000 in the last three years.

The Cuban government denied that these last measures would lead to a regression in the agenda for economic modernization that Castro's government had taken on in the last few years due to financial difficulties, social pressure and political instability in Venezuela, its most important commercial partner and political ally. "These measures are corrections necessary for this kind of work to be done in an orderly manner, fight impunity, insist on obedience to the law and protect independent workers, most of whom follow the regulations," the announcement said. "This is in no way a step back. On the contrary, we will keep advancing decidedly toward modernizing Cuban's economic model."

Translation: Dyane Jean François


Hispanic New York: Tato Laviera, Prominent Nuyorican Poet, Died on Friday

Hispanic New York: Tato Laviera, Prominent Nuyorican Poet, Died on Friday: By Claudio Iván Remeseira

Poet, musician, dramatist and songwriter Jesús Abraham "Tato" Laviera, one of the most important and beloved representatives of the Nuyorican movement, died on November 1 (Día de los Muertos in the Catholic calendar) at New York City's Mount Sinai Hospital, his family announced. Mr. Laviera, who had been bed-ridden an unconscious for most of this year, suffered from advanced diabetes.

Services will be held on Thursday, Saint Peters Church, 54th and Lexington Avenue from 1 to 4pm. Burial Friday morning at Woodlawn Cemetery.

Born in Santurce, Puerto Rico, in 1951, nine years later he came to New York City with his mother. They first established in the Lower East Side (la Loisaida), a hotspot of the Puerto Rican post-WWII Great Migration. The young Tato —as everybody called him in his family— studied at local Catholic schools and went on to attend Cornell University and Brooklyn College, but never graduated. Instead, he took over as director of the "University of the Streets," an initiative aimed at helping young inner-city Puerto Ricans and other minorities attend college. He also taught writing at Rutgers University and was active in various forms of community service.

His first collection of poems, La Carreta Made a U-Turn (1979) is a self-assuring response to the play La Carreta (The Oxcart, 1953), by Puerto Rican author René Marqués, a play that offers a dispirited perspective on the immigrant journey from the Caribbean island's impoverished countryside to New York City's slums. Laviera's third poetry collection,AmeRícan (1986), is a much-celebrated tribute to the multiethnic, multiracial Puerto Rican heritage. Both books, as the rest of Laviera's production, was published by the pioneering Hispanic imprint Arte Público Press.

A livelong supporter of Puerto Rican independence, Laviera was an artist deeply rooted in his Afro-Latino heritage. Harold Augenbraum and Margarite Fernández Olmos, authors of the anthology The Latino Reader, said that "the influence of music, particularly African rhythms, combined with a keen ear for street talk, double talk, and barrio dialect” make his poems particularly apt for live performance. Indeed, he was a fixture in spoken-word poetry venues across the country.

Last May, Hostos Community College organized a tribute to the poet [WATCH VIDEOHERE]

His immediate survivors include a sister, Ruth (a former hairdresser for Celia Cruz, Tito Puente, and other Latino show-business celebrities), his daugther Ella, and Ella’s grandmother, Jenny Benítez, who along her husband Víctor took the young Tato under their wing fresh out of the plane who brought him to New York City in 1960. Tato Laviera’s admirers have also set up a prayer page in Facebook.


Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Artibonite River

The Artibonite River is 320K long. It is the longest river in Haiti and the island of Hispaniola. It forms part of the international border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Farming of Bones - Characters

Amabelle Desir- Narrator/Protagonist: From haiti, in the DR in indentured servitude

Sebastian Onius - Amabelle's lover, works for Don Carlos

Seniora Valencia & Senior Pico - married with..

Rosalinda & Raphael - Valencia & Pico's twin children

Juana and Luis - married work for valencia & pico

Dr. Javier & sister Beatriz

Don "Papi" Ignacio - Father of Seniora Valencia, from Valencia, Spain

Mimi - Sebastian's Sister

Unel - Dwarvish Stone Mason

Joel - Haitian immigrant dies from a car to the body

Kogo - Joel's dad

Donna Sabine - famous dancer

Don Gilbert - Owns rum enterprise, Sabine's husband

Yves - with Joel & Sebastian when Joel died, works for Don Carlos

Father Romaine - Haitian Priest

Felice - Joel's lover

Don Carlos - head of other sugar plantation

Donna Eva - Beatriz & Dr. Javier's momma

Don Francisco - Dr. Javier & Beatriz' dead dad.

Father Vargas - Dominican priest in Amabelle's village, arrested for helping Haitians

Donna Mercedes - Dominican, from Don Carlos' Mill

Tibon - Haitian.  Meets Amabelle crossing over to Haiti - stabbed/trampled/etc.

Wilner - Haitian.  Meets Amabelle crossing over to Haiti, Odette's bf - shot near the river

Odette - Haitian.  Meets Amabelle crossing over to Haiti, Wilner's gf - drowned

Dolores - Dominican.  Meets Amabelle crossing over to Haiti, sister of Doloritas - ran off

Doloritas - Dominican.  Meets Amabelle crossing over to Haiti, sister of Dolores - ran off

Illestbien - Doloritas' bf (mentioned)

Rapadou - Yves' mother

A Brief History of Haiti